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Un working paper de l'IEP de Toulouse remarqué


du 21 mai 2012 au 31 août 2012

Lock-in or lock-out ? How structural properties of knowledge networks affect regional resilience ?


The Economist, dans sa parution hebdomadaire, recommande à la lecture un des working paper de l'IEP de Toulouse, coécrit par Joan Crespo, Raphaël Suire et Jérôme Vicente, intitulé "Lock-in or lock-out ? How structural properties of knowledge networks affect regional resilience ?".


Date :
mars 2012

Auteurs /Author
s :
Joan Crespo, University of Toulouse, LEREPS
Raphaël Suire, University of Rennes 1 - CREM, UMR CNRS 6211
Jérôme Vicente, Institute of Political Studies of Toulouse, LEREPS, Toulouse Business School

Mots clés / Keywords : Resilience, clusters, degree distribution, assortativity, regional policy

Classification-JEL : B52, D85, O33, R11, R12

Résumé / Abstract :


The paper develops an evolutionary framework of regional resilience with a primary focus on the structural properties of local knowledge networks. After a presentation of the network-based rationales of growth and structuring of clusters, we analyze under which structural conditions a regional cluster can mix short run competitiveness without compromising long run resilience capabilities. We show that degree distribution (the level of hierarchy) and degree correlation (the level of structural homophily) of regional knowledge networks are suited properties for studying how clusters succeed in combining technological lock-in and regional lock-out. We propose a simple model of cluster structuring in order to highlight these properties, and discuss the results on a policy-oriented analysis. We conclude showing that policies for regional resilience fit better with ex ante regional diagnosis and targeted interventions on particular missing links, rather than expost myopic applications of policies based on an unconditional increase of network relational density.

Rédigé par VERONIQUE LEROUX-GENTE

Mise à jour le 21 janvier 2015


 

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