International

University Diploma 'International and Comparative Studies'


University diploma 'International and comparative studies'

A one-year degree specialised in International & Comparative Studies that was created in 2010 specifically for those students who have decided to come to Sciences Po Toulouse, France for their international-exchange year abroad programme or for students who are enrolling as free-movers with us. The diploma, which is the equivalent to one full year of study at a French higher-education institution, offers a high-level qualification dedicated to International Relations and Comparative Political Studies not only concentrating on France, but also around the world in the UK, the USA and Latin America.

The course is made up of a selection of lectures exclusively in English that address numerous global issues ranging from interculturality and immigration or diversity management to the place of the UK in the European Union today as well as dealing with economic and development challenges and public administration around the world in response to global issues such as the media, politics, gender issues and the welfare state or healthcare. The courses offer a multidisciplinary approach which has become a key-component of our studies at Sciences Po since they were first set up. The “International & Comparative Studies” Diploma brings together renowned specialists in Law and Economics as well as Political Science, Communication and Civilization of France and the English-speaking world. Lecturers are from Sciences Po as well as invited professors from other major Toulouse universities such as Toulouse I – Capitole and Toulouse II – Jean Jaurès, all part of the greater Federal University of Toulouse.

The student enrols for the all core courses and then has the possibility (if they so wish) of choosing one extra class per semester from a list of optional courses that are taught in English in the main Diploma of Sciences Po Toulouse (mostly in years 4 and 5 of the Sciences Po Toulouse Diploma). However, this is not an obligation and the optional courses cannot be used to substitute the core classes taught in the International and Comparative Diploma. Optional courses will have a numerus clausus, meaning that there will be a limited number of students able to enrol for those courses and a place will be attributed on a first-come-first-served basis. Lectures in the International and Comparative Studies Diploma are in small groups and last for either 10 or 20 hours in the semester. They are attributed accordingly with 2 ECTS for a 10-hour course and 5 ECTS for a 20-hour course. Presence is obligatory and course evaluation takes place within class-time in the form of assignments or presentations. If the student remains for the entire year, and on the successful completion of exams, then they will be granted the diploma in International and Comparative Studies. If the student enrols for just one semester, then they will be granted the relevant ECTS for the courses they have successfully completed for their home institution.

There are also 2 or 3 courses each semester that are part of the International and Comparative Studies Diploma that are open to students of the Sciences Po Diploma as optional courses (these courses are followed by an asterisk* in the list of courses below). This means that classes shall at times be with the French students studying the main Sciences Po Toulouse Diploma in classes taught in English, bringing the added benefit of mixing not only with students from all continents but also from France studying on the French Diploma of Sciences Po.

A course regarding methodology of writing will also be provided to enable visiting students to respond the requirements of writing skills at Sciences Po Toulouse and providing them with the skills set to respond to the demands of their professors while studying here.


Admission requirements

  • A minimum of two years (120 ECTS) in higher education.
  • English proficiency: B2 Level or equivalent.
Survival French is a minimum requirement for acceptance on this course as all applicants must be in apposition to get on while living in France, enabling them to integrate into French culture and daily life. For those students that do not have any knowledge of French at all and that are considering getting on to this programme, it should be remembered that beginners’ classes shall only be provided with a minimum number of people enrolling.

  

Fall Semester 1. Contemporary Political Debates in the UK
Content

The demise of the British Empire triggered a loosening of the traditional bonds between the founding nations of the Kingdom. This seminar will first examine such a process overall, before investigating the present dividing lines. This examination will start with the two Irelands: how what has become the present Republic of Ireland managed to severe all links with its neighbour, and how Northern Ireland became some entity of its own, whose displays of loyalism and unionism are first and foremost aimed at stabilizing a very un-British statu quo. Moving into Britain proper next, we shall investigate the present state of things for Scotland, whose wide-ranging devolution fails short of complete independence, then the bizarre hatred between the English and the Welsh. Last but not least, we will question the Great Divide between the tow Englands of the time.

After a first part which studies the British Isles from the angle of its geography, the second half of this seminar focuses on the politics of contemporary Britain. Two sessions are dedicated to a presentation of British political institutions (and the debates which they give rise to) and of British political parties and party systems. Questions such as the decline of the two-party system, the resilience of the monarchy or the debate over Lords reform are considered. The final three sessions examine the latest major political trends in the UK, such as the rise of Euroscepticism and the Scottish independence debate.

Nathalie Duclos, University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès 20h - 4 ECTS 2. The Political Regime of France
Content

The current political regime of France, the Fifth Republic, was established by the 1958 Constitution. After two centuries of political and constitutional instability, the Fifth Republic is often presented by its numerous supporters as the expression of a political maturity and equilibrium between the principles of liberty and authority. Even if this judgement has to be balanced, it is undeniable that the political regime of today’s France, which is neither a "presidential regime" like the USA nor a classic "parliamentary regime" following the Westminster model, is a quite original and peculiar combination of presidentialism, democracy and rule of law. Its various components and its balance of powers will be presented and discussed in this course

Jean-Michel Eymeri-Douzans, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 3. Immigration and Diversity Management in Britain and France from 1930 to Present*
Content

In spite of (or possibly, because of) a number of common characteristics (e.g. former colonial and world powers ; great immigration countries ;comparable populations etc. ) Britain and France come across as eternal 'friendly enemies' in Europe. They are commonly described as being at odds with each other in many ways, notably as regards their handling of social issues. Their approaches to migration and, above all, integration illustrate that apparent, blatant opposition. On the one hand, Universalism, which is in keeping with the spirit of the French Revolution seems- at least, superficially- to be at odds with British differentialism. The French Republic, which arose in 1792 following the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in 1789 was built by the people, for the people. France's republican history is thereofre primarily a political construct of a community of citizens who are equal, regardless of their social, ethnic, religious or other backgrounds. During the French Revolution, Article I of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen targeted the division of the population into antagonistic social categories. So as to transcend those categories, the representatives of the French people decided to ignore specific affiliations in order to favour universal citizenship (Article 1 « Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. » After several returns to monarchy and the shift to the Empire under Napoleon Ist and Napoleon IIIrd in the 19th century, universalism was revived under the Third Republic (from 1870 onward), an era of democratisation and progress .The same values were to prompt the adoption of the 1905 law on the Separation of the Churches and the State. Article I of the 1958 Constitution reasserts that universalism: France shall be an indivisible, secular, democratic and social Republic. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law, without distinction of origin, race or religion. It shall respect all beliefs. » One may therefore easily understand the reluctance of France towards any form of quantitative ethnic monitoring (a reluctance compounded by the experience of Nazi occupation and of the Vichy Régime) or to put in place positive discrimination measures based on ethnic criteria (cf. Veil Committee's recommendation, December 2008) like those gradually introduced across the Channel from the mid 1960s onward. The French Republic perceives itself as a universal model and proclaims that it is 'one and indivisible'. As a result, the national community is supposed to be made up of equal citizens, not separate communities, the only acceptable dichotomy being between nationals and non-nationals (i.e. citizens and non-citizens).

Differentialism, on the other hand, is an anthropological concept, whereby the existence of groups and the differences between them (whether gender, social, racial, ethnic or religious differences) are on the whole taken for granted and are not really questioned. A common characteristic of differentialism is that an individual's perceived belonging to a group tends to take precedence over his / her personal, objective characteristics .Differentialism proved a great influence in the colonial context. Indeed, the British saw themselves as fundamentally different from other nations, let alone other 'races', making assimilation pointless and useless. Unlike the French and the Spanish, the British focused on the mercantile motive and were hardly interested in converting 'pagans' to Christianity or in attempting to assimilate them along 'British lines'. This partly explains why they were so quick in conquering huge territories. Indeed religious officials in India e.g. did not perceive British colonisation as a threat, because of Britain's reliance on indirect rule, which proved terribly efficient and came in sharp contrast with the so-called direct rule system used by the French, notably in Algeria.
With the beginning of mass, post-war, non-European immigration, it became obvious that Britain's attitude to colonial immigrants and their descent was still influenced by differentialism, although there emerged a 'liberal' (i.e. progressive) form of differentialism in the 1960s, characterised by the adoption of a specific race relations legislation. New Commonwealth immigrants were no longer deemed inferior, but fundamentally different from the rest of the population, which explains why British integration policies were so different from French ones.

However, 'Liberal differentialism', to quote French historian and demographer Emmanuel Todd co-existed with its traditional colonial version, epitomised by Tory frontbencher Enoch Powell, whose notorious anti-immigration 'Rivers of Blood' speech (1968) - a strong indictment of New Commonwealth immigration and of anti-discriminatory legislation - gained him considerable public support, including among the traditionally Labour-voting working classes.

Although the opposition between both integration models is relevant to a vast extent, it can prove sterile and should certainly by nuanced, as will be shown in this course, which shall investigate immigration and integration policies in a trans-Channel perspective from 1930 to present. It shall be established that despite seemingly diverging routes the integration of 'minorities' or 'populations d'origine immigrée' - the use of different terms is by itself probably revealing and will have to be addressed - has produced rather similar results across the Channel, especially in recent decades.

Vincent Latour, Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès 20 h. lecture, 4 ECTS 4. Great Britain and the European Union*
Content

The aim of this course is to provide students with knowledge and insight into the complex relationship between Britain and the European Union, generally portrayed as a “wait and see” attitude on the part of the UK. After a brief reminder of the history of the EU, the focus will be on the British position regarding European policies (CAP, Euro, expansion v. integration), on its legal system, and on its political landscape.
Course Outline
Introduction: A brief history of the institutions of the EU/ a brief history of the 1973 membership

  1. The changing attitudes of political parties regarding the EU
  2. Britain and the Common Agricultural Policy
  3. Britain and the Euro
  4. The impact of membership on the English legal system
  5. The impact of membership on governing the UK: parliament, regional government, local government.

Conclusion: The debate on intergovernmentalism and supranationalism . Is Britain still an “awkward” partner?

Course materials
The official websites of the EU are to be visited, in particular europa.eu
The advantages of membership for the UK are described interactively on the website www.the-eu-and-me.org.uk/
A syllabus will be handed out on the first class.

Stephanie Mc Lellan, University of Toulouse Capitole 20h - 4 ECTS 5. Multiculturalism, Communitarianism and National Identity France-UK
Content

The French anthropologist and philosopher Claude Lévi-Strauss stated that “Not all poisonous juices are burning or bitter nor is everything which is burning and bitter poisonous” (Lévi-Strauss, 1974, p. 210). It would seem that sometimes in a nation's construction there might be periods of upheaval, turmoil and discontent, in which certain groups are targeted as being different, that ‘poisonous other’ that is burning and bitter by comparison to the apparent sweetness of the nation’s identity.

The issue of national identity has been at the top of the political agenda since the financial crisis of 2008 and today questions are still being asked as to how to preserve and maintain diversity and at the same time maintain a unique native culture. This single question leads to a multitude of others such as will immigrants be able to maintain their culture in the face of a dominant national culture, which presses them to identify as French or British, for example? Is it possible to promote not just one but many cultures and at the same time maintain the cultural heritage of the dominant national culture of a host country? Is the host country flexible enough to adapt and take into account the recognition needs of its migrants, or immigrant-descended populations?

Looking back into the past to one’s roots and at who one might think that they actually are, may be of relative importance to a community (on the condition that one can identify with those origins). However, those roots are just one very minor part of identity. The problem with national identities is that they are constructed upon myths and lies and they are given a disproportionate place in the nation by the State. Searching for one’s identity is perhaps part of growing into something different and it is part of what makes us who we are. But, there is no essence that can make our national identities constant, unalterably fixed. The wish to hold on to one’s identities, seeing no change possible, ultimately fixes the nation in a position in the unreal past, not the present.

Policies of assimilation and denaturalization have ensued since the boundaries have been blurred. Separating nationality from citizenship would arguably allow for greater levels of republican (at least, in France) account of politics (Arendt, 1968); citizens active participation in public affairs would mean that national identity would fall from its position of being at the forefront of a nation. Can cultural unity based upon nationality be perceived as dangerous and where national identity is enforced might it not bring about fragmentation of society into communities and groups that will organize themselves into protective entities ready to defend their own cultures? Active citizenship can only be engendered through the taking into consideration of the diverse and multiple identities of people rather than a national identity. If we cannot see our own identity in the larger group’s identity, then it is not likely to lead to inclusive empowerment.

This class will examine the differing national identities of the United Kingdom and the Republic of France. The French national identity is strong with a historic policy of assimilation, while the British national identity is weak (or has been until very recently with the latest terrorist attacks that have taken place in Manchester and in London), by comparison, dispersed and less coherent, or already under attack from other members of the kingdom of united nations that are now asking for greater recognition (Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales). National identities are currently undergoing a renaissance period of intense nationalism; without modifying national identity, nationalism will remain. National identities have the propensity to provide a common objective and goal, a pathway along which a nation marches into the future together, believing that they will accomplish acts that shall be deemed equally as great as the fabricated heroes and legends of the national identities that were devised. In the construction of a national identity, questions are raised regarding ethnic-boundary perceptions, the sense of belonging to a nation and national identification.

Andrew Milne, Sciences Po Toulouse 10h - 2 ECTS 6. Changing environment: individuals, socialization, and values
Content

Entrepreneurship, innovation, institution, norm, public policy, social field, socialization; valuation studies; socioeconomics, sociology of profession, sciences and technologies studies.

Through classical sociological theories and neighbouring disciplines, we will first review a panel of concepts which deal with socialization. This last concept explains both the conformity of an individual to a society, and its creativity. If social structures, institutions, collective representations, and norms are factors of conformity, they are also infused by uncertainty, and evolved in new configurations (for example through innovation describe formerly as a deviance, but which finally “disrupts” structures). As both stability and change characterize society, the question is to understand their combination. How do individuals and structures interact to both reproduce and produce values in a more or less dynamic process? The course will then present valuation theory which concerns the attribution and assessment of value in a changing environment. We will consider intercrossing with various disciplines, through examples coming from innovation, profession, science and technology, and socioeconomic studies. The methodological aspect of these works will also be explored. If a brand range of topics will be discussed, a part of the lesson will be specifically devoted to entrepreneurship. Starting from classic academical literature, we will see how entrepreneurship is now identified as a multi-dimensional event, which give a better account of uncertainties (from various point of view: economy, law, epistemology, technologies, etc.) and dynamism occurring in the process of creation. All of this constitutes the first part of the lesson (i.e. basic cognitive tools), and is completed by a second part (see Mr. Boehle-Roitelet, Benjamin's syllabus) which deals with stability and durable changes in societal movements.



Course Objectives:

- Students will get a first overview of key concepts and fundamental questions in sociology (agency-interaction antinomy, connection between micro and macro-social level).
- Students will gain an understanding of society evolution.
- Students will read quotes of seminal works in classical and contemporary academic literature, and will discuss how they are complementary, opposed, or without relation to each other.
- Students will learn how to articulate categories of thought, and will grasp the variety of research methodologies, from qualitative and quantitative ones to their intercrossing.

- Students will learn how to handle a bibliography.



WEEKLY SUBJECTS

1.Socialization and general concepts: introduction to the course.

2.Valuation studies: theory and examples.

3.Intercrossing with other disciplines: entrepreneurship, innovation, profession, science and technology, and socioeconomic studies.

4.Methodology.

5. Final exam.>

Henri Jautrou et Benjamin Boehle-Roitelet, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 7. Gender and World Politics
Content

Women and gender-related issues have become highly salient on the international stage for a few years. The development of gender mainstreaming strategies in each and every international organization, ranging from the European Union to the World Bank, and the creation of UN Women in 2010 testify to it. Gender equality shows an unprecedented level of diffusion within national politics. Taken together, these examples suggest that gender issues have become institutionalized in international organizations and that these may well have a significant impact on nation states’ policies. Still, these developments cannot be taken for granted and many questions remain unanswered. This course deals with the analysis of the internationalization of gender-related issues, their institutionalization in the global governance structures and processes, and the limits thereof. For instance, what is the real impact of these gender-sensitive policies? How can we account for a successful and legitimate gender mainstreamed approach? What are the consequences of these policies? These questions will be addressed by examining three perspectives, namely the (1) analysis of dynamics of emergence and internationalization of gender issues, (2) the links between gender and politics at the international level and (3) the ones between gender and international security.

Simon Tordjman, Sciences Po Toulouse 10h - 2 ECTS 8. Methodology of Writing
Content

This class is designed and intended to aid students who are not familiar with the methodology of writing in France and in particular at Sciences Po. Structure and writing skills are the key to successful completion of a course of study in France and students will be guided in the elaboration and development of how to formulate and put forward a thesis statement correctly with a plan. The importance of building a strong foundation in the conceptualization and operationalisation of research, with the need to take into account of how to design a project that is to be presented either orally or in written format will be dealt with in a hands-on approach through activities in small groups of students. We shall focus on the predominant emphasis that should be provided in the opening sentence of the introduction, the significance of the definition of the terms to define the framework and scope of the piece that is being written as well as need to back up arguments with critical academic research references.

Andrew Milne, Sciences Po Toulouse 5h - 2 ECTS 9. French as a Foreign Language
Content

The course objectives in the English-speaking University Diploma are to pass along language tools that will allow students to communicate as quickly as possible in an everyday environment.
The course is in French-language medium using basic grammar as well as role-play for communicative competency, both of which are used in a progressive manner.
Diverse audio and visual aids will be used.

Nathalie Pélissier, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS Optional courses 1. World Politics: Caucasus and Central Asia*
Content

The course offers an overview of structural and political changes in post-Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus. It aims to analyse the five Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the three republics of the Caucasus - Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia.

Although the majority of the countries were the largest recipients of Soviet aid, 25 years on from independence the Caucasus and Central Asia offer mixed economic and political stories. Therefore, the first part of the course will address contemporary challenges of economic transition, nation-building and political structure of the countries.
Historically considered under the framework of the “Great Game” - the struggle for domination in Central Asia and the Caucasus between the Russian empire and others (British, Ottoman), the region has revived geopolitical interests again in the XXI century. Therefore, the second part of the course provides an analysis of the rationale of powers such as Russia, China, the USA and the EU with appropriate examples of foreign-policy approaches developed towards all eight countries located in the Caucasus and Central Asia.

It will also be stressed that both Central Asian and Caucasus countries have gained significant experience and are not mere subordinates of external powers. Furthemore, the course will also question region-building and regionalization attempts within Central Asia and the Caucasus by examining organizations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization and other political and economic initiatives (Great Silk Road, Connect Central Asia) developed by emerging powers.

Farkhad Alimukhamedov, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 2. The Normative Power of International Organizations (Governance in International Relations Master’s Degree)
Content

The lecture aims to present the normative power of the IOs, through the dynamics of the Creators-Creature paradigm in Public International Law. The fundamental distinction between primary and derived subjects of International Law guides the analysis on the origins, as well as on the use and the limits of the normative power in the international arena (apanage of State sovereignty; principal of conferral, theory of competences, etc.). A comparative approach based on a classification of IOs is also key in order to clarify the transcending legal effects of the normative power not only in the international legal order, but also in the domestic legal orders.

Oana Macovei, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS *Courses that are also open to the 4th or 5th year students of the Sciences Po Diploma as options.
Spring Semester 1. What is Justice?
Content
  • Justice and Law.
  • 3 conceptions of Justice.
  • The Dilemma : Virtue or Individual Freedom ?
  • The Purple Heart Medal.
  • The Financial Crisis.
  • Utilitarism.
  • Libertarianism.
  • Market and Morals.
  • Kant.
  • Rawls.
  • Aristotle.
  • Justice and Greater Good.

 

Michel Attal, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 2. Media and Society
Content

This course tackles the issue of the rise of journalism understood as a distinct set of practices and interests. Journalism emerged in the late 19th century in various western countries (France, the US and more marginally UK will be used as examples in the run of the course). But to understand this historical turning-point it is necessary to take a step back and to present the rise of a culture of printing and reading in western societies starting in the 15th century. Parallel to that major cultural shift a rise of a culture of news emerged and little by little "the world came to know about itself" (Pettegree, 2014). The (short) presentation of this long history will constitute the first part. Thus news production and news consumption did not for a long time mean "journalism" (even if the word existed). The second part of the course will focus on the changes that occurred in the 19th century on both sides of the Atlantic that gave birth to what we know as "journalism": the monopoly of a group of professional actors over the production of information. As a conclusion we will raise the open question of the future of that monopoly that dominated the 20th century.

Olivier Baisnee, Sciences Po Toulouse 10h - 2 ECTS 3. Ireland : Beyond Borders
Content

What do people refer to when they talk about "Ireland"? Do they mean "the Republic of Ireland" or the island as a whole, including Northern Ireland as if there were no border?
In fact, over the years, the Irish Border has become softer, all the more so that today its physical manifestation is difficult to discern. However, now that the UK is leaving the EU, its only main land border with another EU member-state is shared with the Republic of Ireland. After two decades of an open border, and cross-border peacebuilding, Brexit could destabilise the Irish peace-process and the Irish economy. If the deal still has to be delineated by Brexit negotiators, the Irish Border is now back in the limelight.

Starting from these recent political developments, this course is designed to question the notion of Border(s) and use it as a stepping- stone to better understand contemporary Ireland, assuming that even though it is an island, Ireland has always been open to the world. Until 1920, its political centre was in London, i.e. beyond the Irish sea; the partition of the island into two separate countries has shaped Irish politics North and South alike; the Irish diaspora has enabled the country to maintain economic and political ties with the US on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean; Ireland's entry into the EEC and its commitment to European integration has played an important role in the modernization of Irish politics, economy and society; more recently, for the first time in its history, Ireland became a country of inward migration, welcoming people from abroad attracted by the job prospects offered by the rapid economic growth of the Celtic Tiger

The objective of this course is therefore to introduce students to contemporary Ireland and to deepen their understanding of Irish politics and society, both North and South of the Border, in order to equip them with a better understanding of the implications of a possible hardening of the Border in the context of Brexit.

The course is organised as follows:

Class 1: General introduction
This part is going to broach the main political events that marked Irish history since 1801, how the Irish people managed to progressively assert their sovereignty and how the Irish state developed; what Ireland and the Irish people look like today.

Class 2, 3, 4: Northern Ireland.
This part focuses on the development of political violence in Northern Ireland and how the Good Friday Agreement ratified in 1998, the devolution process and European integration deeply transformed and normalised Northern Irish politics. Emphasis will also be laid on the current political institutions and most recent developments in Northern Irish politics.

Class 5, 6, 7: Ireland and European integration
This part aims to illustrate the complex relationship between Irish sovereignty and European integration. It focuses on the implications of entry into the EEC; how European integration greatly contributed to the Irish economic boom and social modernization; how the Irish people perceived European integration; what role the Single Market played in improving the relationship between the North and the South and what the implications of a hard Brexit could be.

Class 8, 9, 10: Immigration to Ireland
Over the past 25 years, the Irish population has reversed its downward trend, thanks to migration from the EU or from other countries. Be they workers or asylum-seekers, the arrival of migrants has had a deep impact on Irish society as a whole, forcing the development of an Irish migration policy and challenging the notion of Irish identity.

M.V Louvet, B. Ni Chiosan, C. Rault. 20h - 4 ECTS 4. The Evolution of American Political Campaigns
Content

Ongoing developments in the technological landscape have led to profound changes in the way the news industry, politicians and their constituents interact. In the digital age, the influence of the media on American politics has evolved significantly and today mainstream news organizations are facing new challenges in their attempt to cover political campaigns and policy issues. Meanwhile, the techniques used by politicians to win elections, maintain power and accomplish policy objectives are also shifting. With a specific focus on contemporary presidential elections up to and including 2016, this course looks at the nature of modern American political campaigns and takes into consideration the complex relationships between major actors such as politicians, journalists and voters. The switch from party-centered politics to candidate-centered politics, reforms in campaign finance, changes in media ownership and the decline of adversarial journalism will be among some of the issues covered.

Elio Di Paolantonio, Sciences Po Toulouse 10h - 2 ECTS 5. Comparative Government & Public Administrations in Europe
Content

Western Europe, far before the start of the European Integration process, has been the motherland of the progressive construction of the modern State as a mode of political organization of societies. Especially inventive, Europe invented both representative government with parliamentary regime (often called the “Westminster Model”) and modern, rational-legal public administration. As a matter of fact, the birth and growth of such a politico-administrative State have followed different paths in the various countries of Europe, ending with the development of various “trajectories of stateness”. This course is a (modest) attempt to familiarize the students with the common features and the diversity of politico-administrative structuration of Western European States – taking the EU as a space for comparison.

J.-M. Eymeri-Douzans, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 6. The British and American Health Care Systems Since the 1930s*
Content

This course is intended as part of the curriculum for students enrolled in the "DU Anglophone" and as a "cours d'ouverture". The course is organised in 10 two-hour sessions. The last session is dedicated to the final assessment.
Its aim is to examine the evolution of health care systems in Britain and in the United States. It will address the following topics, though the upcoming general election in Britain that might well see the continuation of Conservative reforms in Britain (8 June 2017) and the Trump presidency will probably dictate some updates as both Theresa May and Donald Trump pledged to introduce major changes in the electoral campaigns.

  • Origins of Western welfare states: Europe and/v. the USA. Providing health care and other insurance services was a way to slow down the rise of socialism and to safeguard capitalism.
  • Interwar years: Keynesianism, 1929 Great Depression and the New Deal (economic theory and practice, similarities between Roosevelt's policies and Keynes's theory though the latter was published slightly later than the former)
  • Post-War Years: the Beveridge Report and the British Labour Government. How a Liberal report was implemented by a "socialist" government. The Roosevelt-Truman years and the post-war consensus in the US and UK, with special attention to how the British NHS was created and to the debates over a federal welfare system in the US.
  • The Johnson Years: Medicare and Medicaid providing conditional health care to the most fragile segments of the population.
  • The end of the post-war consensus and rise of neoliberalism. Consequences on national health-care programmes.
  • Thatcherism, Blatcherism and the reform of the NHS and its consequences.
  • Obama and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (and opposition to it...). Obama's campaign speeches, what the plan consists in and how it is funded. What debates did it fuel and Supreme Court rulings on thorny issues.
  • Trump's election and "Obamacare": did the Americans who voted for Trump support the repeal of ACA? Republicanism and ACA.
  • The NHS today and conclusions.
Alexandra Sippel, University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, 20h - 4 ECTS 7. Economic History
Content

In order to understand properly the structure of today’s world economy, it is necessary to see it as the outcome of a long-term evolution – whose implications for the present are far from neutral. This course presents a number of fundamental topics in international economics from an historical perspective. Particular emphasis is given to 19th and 20th century economic history, but the approach is thematic rather than chronological. Covered subjects include: market integration and trade policy; factor movements and international business; international banking and finance; growth and business cycles; and international political economy. The aim is to provide participants with a number of useful interpretative tools, allowing them to analyse the economic foundations of international relations nowadays.

Stefano Ugolini, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 8. Methodology of Writing
Content

This class is designed and intended to aid students who are not familiar with the methodology of writing in France and in particular at Sciences Po. Structure and writing skills are the key to successful completion of a course of study in France and students will be guided in the elaboration and development of how to formulate and put forward a thesis statement correctly with a plan. The importance of building a strong foundation in the conceptualization and operationalisation of research, with the need to take into account of how to design a project that is to be presented either orally or in written format will be dealt with in a hands-on approach through activities in small groups of students. We shall focus on the predominant emphasis that should be provided in the opening sentence of the introduction, the significance of the definition of the terms to define the framework and scope of the piece that is being written as well as need to back up arguments with critical academic research references.

Andrew Milne, Sciences Po Toulouse 5h - 2 ECTS 9. French as a Foreign Language and Methodology
Content

The course objectives in the English-speaking University Diploma are to pass along language tools that will allow students to communicate as quickly as possible in an everyday environment.
The course is in French-language medium using basic grammar as well as role-play for communicative competency, both of which are used in a progressive manner.
Diverse audio and visual aids will be used.

Nathalie Pélissier, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS Optional courses 1. A History of European Construction since 1945 (4th year Sciences Po Diploma)
Content

This Master’s level course explores the history and historiography of European integration from the 1940s to the beginning of the 1990s. It will introduce students to the specific challenges this historiography has long faced, and to the innovative research developed by a younger generation of historians, based on new archival material and methods coming from social, cultural and transnational history. Indeed, the historiographical landscape on European integration is rapidly changing. New, provocative questions are being asked that shake our previously held notions and the official narrative that EU institutions and supporters have successfully built and transmitted. After an introductory session dedicated to those new trends in historiography, the course will cover half a century of European integration chronologically. Each weekly class will focus on one of the classic building blocks of EU history: the Schuman Declaration, the Rome treaties, de Gaulle’s policies, the CAP, enlargements, etc. Each week, we will take stock of what we (think we) know about this theme, and try to critically engage with those previously held notions by discussing new scientific research. At the beginning of each class, the professor or one team of students will give a general, 15-minute presentation which will outline the main findings of the weekly reading material (comprised of two articles or book chapters). This opening presentation will aim at identifying the various ways (at least 3-4) in which the material challenges our previous knowledge. All students will then work in teams and pick one idea they are particularly interested in. They will discuss the weekly reading material together in order to examine how it brings new understanding to this specific issue, and how this opens new ways to think about EU history in general. Teams will have one hour each week to build a 5-minute poster or slide presentation which summarizes their findings on the theme. Two or three voluntary teams will then perform their presentation in front of the class in 5 minutes maximum. Teams may or may not change in the course of the semester but each student should participate in a 5-minute presentation at least three times during the term. The class will end with a short, ten-minute survey of the students’ ideas and notions on the following week’s theme.

Célia Keren, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS 2. European Economic Integration: Theory and History
Content

Economic theories have played (and still play) a crucial role in the justification and evaluation of the process of European integration. Lack of economic efficiency has often been invoked in order to criticize the way the EU allegedly constructed itself: based on the model of 19th-century German unification, European unification would have allegedly consisted of a premature rushing of economic integration, imposed from the top with the aim of making it the engine of political integration. A less superficial analysis of European economic history shows, however, that limits of such an interpretation, and invites a reassessment of the direction of causal links between political and economic factors. This seminar aims at analyzing the economic integration process, at studying its causes and consequences, as well as at evaluating its actual suitability to the Continental economy. Treated topics include: the customs union, the common agricultural policy, the single market, the monetary union, and the fiscal union.

Stefano Ugolini, Sciences Po Toulouse 20h - 4 ECTS

 


 

Application

Deadline :
  • Fall Semester:  May 15th
  • Spring Semester: October

Download the application form here : 

Tuition fees

  • Erasmus students and non-European students coming from one of our partners (bilateral conventions)  : no registration fees
  • Free movers: registration fees are about  € 1,260 (including a €90 compulsory contribution -CVEC- for social, sanitary, cultural and sports support)

University Calendar

Fall Semester (Semester 1) : September  –  December
Exams sessions will take place at the end of each course or during the week following the end of the courses.

Spring Semester (Semester 2) : Mid- January  – May
Exams sessions will take place at the end of each course or during the week following the end of the courses.

HOLIDAYS

All Saints’ Holidays : a week in October/November
Christmas Holidays : end of December – beginning of January
Winter Holidays : a week in February/March
Spring Holidays : two weeks in April/May
Public Holidays: November 11th





Rédigé par SEBASTIEN ROY

Mise à jour le 3 juillet 2018


 

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